"Figure 1 Change on State Anger and Trait Anger Among Inmates from Pre-Basic to Post-Basic to Post Advanced to Post Training for Facilitators (T4F) to Follow-up.
[Figure 1 on p. 12 of the journal not selectable for copying here.]
"The Trait Anger score is the most important of the subscales, because it indicates a more permanent change in the individual’s predisposition to anger. Figure 1 also shows the Trait Anger score showed a large, signif-icant reduction (p < .0005) and remained low at the two-year follow-up. The trait score dropped from 20 to 15. In comparison, the norming score for the test was 18.4, which is a typical trait anger level for people outside the prison community. Thus, the pre-AVP trait score started well above the trait anger level for the non-incarcerated community. After AVP participation, trait anger dropped significantly and remained low at the two-year follow-up. This is especially notable given that the inmates were still living in a toxic environment. Also, the Anger Expression Index, which measures an individual’s tendency to express his/her anger outwardly toward other people, or inwardly toward himself/herself, showed a large and signif-icant reduction (p < .0005)..."